Estimates suggest there more than 2,000 mass shooting sites on the territory of contemporary Ukraine. In remote ravines and forests, in the middle of fields, in former tank traps and sand quarries, Wehrmacht, SS, and police forces, supported by local auxiliary police and administrative offices, wiped out entire Jewish communities – often over the course of just a few days. In many cases, the victims were forced to dig the pits themselves and to undress. Usually, men were shot first, then women and children. Dramatic scenes unfolded at the pits as the Jews braced for impending death.